Some have posited that these behavioral differences could, in part, influence the observed asymmetry in sex prevalence if they contribute to the risk that subtle cases of ASD in females may go unrecognized (Dworzynski et al. This research suggests that this may be particularly true for females falling into the average range of IQ and who, as a group, typically tend to display fewer disruptive behavioral outbursts than their male peers (Dworzynski et al.
), an area of work which has achieved a somewhat greater degree of consensus than the existing literature on more specific sex difference in ASD.
Both the Mo Ba and the ABC study obtained written informed consent from participating mothers and were approved by the Norwegian Data Inspectorate, as well as the Regional Committee for Medical and Health Research Ethics South-East Norway (REK).
The present study uses the Mo Ba data release version 9, more about the sample selection displayed in Fig. It includes 23 yes-or-no questions to be completed by parents and followed-up by an interview with parents of children yielding a positive M-CHAT screen score.
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), combined with the fact that males are more prone to developmental delay have led some to hypothesize that the higher prevalence of autism in males stems from a greater risk of developmental disability (Boyle et al. The exact nature of this relationship is unclear, and studies have found evidence that sex differences in cognitive performance, adaptive abilities and repetitive behaviors do not appear to be ASD specific, but instead bear a closer resemblance to those found in typically developing children (Messinger et al. However, other viewpoints stress specific biological factors related to autism, e.g.
as illustrated by findings which note that higher genetic risk for autism may occur in females with idiopathic autism (Gilman et al. While the specific behavioral influences of sex differences in ASD presents as unclear within current literature.